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Wellness Module 1 - Mental Health Matters

Disappointed in life?

Feeling worn out?

Feeling stressed out?

Not having any fun?

If you answered YES, you are not alone.

No one has perfect mental health all the time, but ongoing problems can take a real toll on our well-being.

Your mental health can affect many areas of your life:

  • Work, school, or home life

  • Relationships with others

  • Sleep

  • Appetite

  • Energy levels

  • Ability to think clearly or make decisions

  • Physical health

  • Life satisfaction and more...

Mental health is just as important to our lives as our physical health

Mental health is not the same thing as the absence of a mental illness. Mental health includes:

  • How you feel about yourself, the world and your life

  • Your ability to solve problems and overcome challenges

  • Your ability to build relationships with others and contribute to your communities

  • Your ability to achieve your goals

Many people take care of their physical health before they feel sick. They may eat well, exercise and try to get enough sleep to help maintain wellness. You can take the same approach to mental health. Just as you may work to keep your body healthy, you can also work to keep your mind healthy.

 4 basic dimensions of mental health and well-being

Thoughts

The way you think about something has a big impact on your mental health. Changes in your thoughts often go along with changes in your mental health. When you feel well, it’s easier to see positive aspects. When you aren’t well, it’s easy to get stuck on negative things and ignore positive things.

Body reactions

Body reactions are changes in your body functions such as heart rate, breathing, digestion, brain chemicals, hormones and more. Changes in your body reactions often go along with changes in your mental health.

Behaviours

Behaviours are the helpful or harmful things you do. Other people can usually see your behaviours. Changes in behaviour often go along with changes in mental health.

Emotions

Emotions are the way you feel. They can be pleasant or unpleasant. Changes in emotions often go along with changes in mental health.

Thoughts

Examples of positive thoughts:

  • I know I can get through these rough times

  • I feel excited about life!

  • I know my friends really care about me

  • I feel good about the way my life is going these days

  • I have some really cool talents and interests

  • I want to do something that makes a positive difference

  • I’m a good person even though I have some flaws

  • Good things are going to happen to me

Examples of negative thoughts:

  • It feels like something really bad is going to happen

  • Nothing good ever seems to happen to me

  • I’m never going to get through this

  • My flaws are too big to overcome

  • I feel like I’m losing my mind

  • I’m ugly and stupid

  • They think I’m a loser

  • Life sucks!

Body reactions

Examples of body reactions:

  • Chest pain, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

  • Muscle tension, muscle aches or headaches

  • Sexual problems, such as low sex drive

  • Aggravation of an existing health problem (e.g., acne, digestive disorders, migraines, chronic pain)

  • Upset stomach or nausea

  • Lack of appetite or increased appetite

  • Pounding, racing or abnormal heartbeat

  • Feeling that you’re separated from things around you

  • Urge to urinate or frequent urination

  • Sweating, hot flushes or cold chills

  • Feeling dizzy or light-headed

  • Upset bowel or diarrhea

Behaviours

Examples of behaviours:

  • Exercise

  • Avoiding the things that upset you

  • Engaging in hobbies or leisure activities

  • Isolating yourself and pulling away from friends and family

  • Doing things that distract you from your problems, like watching TV or working late

  • Working on a solution to a problem one step at a time

  • Crying often

  • Overeating, not eating enough or purging food (such as vomiting, over-exercising)

  • Lashing out at other people (verbally or physically)

  • Excessive dependency or clinging to loved ones

  • Reaching out to a friend or family member for support and understanding

  • Practicing your spiritual activities

  • Using alcohol or drugs to make the bad feelings go away

  • Doing something relaxing, like taking a bath or practicing yoga

Emotions

Examples of pleasant emotions:

  • Happiness or joy

  • Contentment

  • Sense of calm

  • Excitement

  • Feeling love or affection

  • Feeling cheerful

Examples of unpleasant emotions:

  • Irritability or anger

  • Frustration

  • Anxiety or fear

  • Sadness or feeling down

  • Feeling empty or numb

  • Hopelessness

Mental health is determined by our overall patterns of thoughts, emotions, behaviours and body reactions.

Each of the four mental health dimensions can influence all of the others. Here’s an example:

chart: dimensions of mental health

 

Why should mental health matter to you and your family?

When your mental health suffers, it can become hard to enjoy life. You may start to feel run down, both mentally and physically. Many of these changes can make it harder to enjoy a balanced and rewarding life. Everyone can benefit from learning how to enhance and protect their mental health—whether or not they’ve experienced mental illness or a substance use problem.

Where do I start?

The BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information have a lot of information on how to improve your mental health and well-being. Check out our other Wellness Modules, fact sheets, personal stories and other useful resources for you and your family at www.heretohelp.bc.ca. We’re here to help.

You might also be interested in...

  • Visit www.cmha.bc.ca for the Canadian Mental Health Association’s BC Division

  • Visit www.healthlinkbc.ca or call 8-1-1 for HealthLinkBC

  • Visit www.keltymentalhealth.ca for Kelty Mental Health Resource Centre: BC’s information source for BC’s children, youth and families

 

Adapted from Massé, R., Poulin, C., Lambert, J., & Dassa, C. (1998). Élaboration et validation d’un outil de mesure du bien-être psychologique au Québec. Revue canadienne de santé publique, 89(5), 352-357.

 

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Mental Health Stats

  • Approximately 1 in 5 adults in the U.S.—43.8 million, or 18.5%—experiences mental illness in a given year.
  • 1.1% of adults in the U.S. live with schizophrenia.
  • 2.6% of adults in the U.S. live with bipolar disorder.
  • 6.9% of adults in the U.S.—16 million—had at least one major depressive episode in the past year.
  • 18.1% of adults in the U.S. experienced an anxiety disorder such as posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and specific phobias.
  • Among the 20.2 million adults in the U.S. who experienced a substance use disorder, 50.5%—10.2 million adults—had a co-occurring mental illness.
  • More than 90% of children who die by suicide have a mental health condition.
  • Each day an estimated 18-22 veterans die by suicide.
  • Only 41% of adults in the U.S. with a mental health condition received mental health services in the past year.
  • Just over half (50.6%) of children aged 8-15 received mental health services in the previous year.

LEARN MORE

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (USA) 1-800-273-TALK (8255) 24 hrs a day

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